Prozac and Depression

Many people know about Prozac – it is an antidepressant which works as an SSRI. It helps in balancing the chemicals in the brain that causes symptoms of depression, anxiety, panic, and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Aside from these mental disorders, Prozac (with the generic name Fluoxetine) is also prescribed for people with bulimia nervosa (an eating disorder defined by binge eating followed by purging) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. It can be combined with other medications, namely Zyprexia (generic name Olanzapine) to manage depression brought about by bipolar disorder (this drug combination can also be used to manage depression if at least two medication have not worked on the patient).

Possible effects of Prozac are generally the same as with other SSRI: nausea, dry mouth, dizziness, impotence or decreased libido, weight gain/weight loss, upset stomach, constipation, cold symptoms, drowsiness, and nervousness, among others. Although not very likely, doctors advice patients who experience allergic reactions, such as difficulty breathing and rashes/hives, to get emergency treatment immediately. Taking Prozac with other drugs (NSAIDs, medicines that make you drowsy, other antidepressants and many others) can have negative interactions, and could lead to serious side effects. Avoid drinking alcohol while on Prozac, especially if you will be driving or doing anything that requires you to stay alert.

Despite the hype of Prozac being an effective antidepressant, there have been many allegations of hidden side effects. One such side effect is the phenomenon called “activation” – often manifesting itself as a sudden rush of energy exhibiting as outrageous and violent acts. Inside sources say manufacturers of Prozac, Eli Lilly, has deliberately hid evidence of the side effect “activation” from the FDA in order to have it approved. Despite the many lawsuits filed because of Prozac side effects, Prozac is still being sold in the market: after renewing their patent protection, Prozac changed its name to Sarafem.

Depression can really be devastating to your health and life, because of this many people turn to medications. This is not, however, the only option. Although depression can lead to suicidal thoughts and destructive behaviors, it has been known that taking antidepressants can also cause such emotions. Prescription of antidepressants, especially to children and teenagers, should be monitored closely to avoid cases of suicide or acts of violence. Since the release of Prozac into the market, there have been many instances of suicide and rage acts caused by the “activation” side effect.

Fighting Discrimination in the Workplace

Remaining to keep silent, where unjust and illegal employment practices are prevalent, only makes such practices more unjust and cruel; besides, there is no guarantee that the silent witness will be spared from the unjust practices that he/she is trying so hard to ignore.

On its website, Cary Kane LLP, a firm based in New York, speaks of the state and federal laws which provide legal protection to employees from discriminatory acts based on religion, sexual orientation, national origin, gender, ethnic identity, race or any other factor that will have nothing to do with proper job performance. These laws, the firm’s article further states, are meant to safeguard individuals from being mistreated, from being fired or from not being hired.

Though many discriminatory practices in the workplace have already been exposed and many of those guilty, whether employer, co-worker or client, have been brought to justice, the battle to finally stop workplace discrimination seems to be still far from being won. But to make sure that there will always be employees who will find the courage to expose these unjust practices, other laws have been passed to make it easy to identify and bring to the open these illegalities and their perpetrators.

These anti- discrimination laws in the workplace are enforced by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which was passed in 1964. EEOC’s first task was to implement the Civil Rights Act (also passed in 1964), a protection for employees against employment discrimination. The enforcement of other employee-protection laws that were passed either before or after 1964 were placed under the scope of EEOC too, these include the Equal Pay Act (EPA)of 1963, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, Sections 102 and 103 of the Civil Rights Act of 1991 (these are improvements of the Civil Rights Act and Americans with Disabilities Act), the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2009, and the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, which is an amendment on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

Another employee protection that EEOC provides, but which may not have been discussed extensively in the past, is protection against retaliation. While some retaliatory acts (like change in work shift, or job relocation) are made with subtlety to make them least apparent, others are immediately obvious; examples of these are denial of promotion or a raise, demotion, being fired from work or reduction in salary. In the event that the whistle-blowing employee decides to resign from work, bad referencing can still be considered as an act of employer retaliation.

Any illegal employment practice will have to be reported to the EEOC first and, to make sure that reports or complaints are filed immediately, a time limit for filing or a statute of limitation, has been imposed by EEOC. One positive thing about this time limit is that it will not allow the complainant or whistle-blower to tarry with reporting what he/she knows; this will, in turn, enable the authorities to immediately correct the unjust practices being committed.

Some Essential Facts about Adoption

Between two persons who are not naturally related to each other, establishing a parent-child relationship through adoption can be a challenging endeavor, especially if the adoptee is already at a certain age or if the adopting parents have other children. Jealousy and the full legal rights of everyone, specifically of the spouse and biological children (when the spouses divorce one another or if one spouse dies), usually set in.

According to the website of Arenson Law Group, PC, through adoption, the adopted child get to acquire all the right and privileges possessed and enjoyed, respectively, by any member of the family; he or she becomes an heir too in the same family. As regards the adoptee’s biological parents, they lose all their rights over their child as the adopting parents are legally declared the adoptee’s new, rightful parents through adoption. The adoption process therefore brings about important changes into the families.

Adoption was originally conceived as a means to normalize and give meaning to the union of married couples who were childless. Since 1851, though, after the Adoption of Children Act was made into law, adoption assumed the purpose of legal and social operations intended to promote the interest of the child rather than that of the adopting parents. In our modern society, couples, whether of opposite or of the same sex, can adopt a child, so long as the court sees them fit to parent a child.

In the US, two types of adoption are legally recognized: closed adoption and open adoption. In closed adoption, the state decides who can adopt a child, legally requiring the biological mother to relinquish her rights (over her child) in the process. Open adoption, is its exact opposite, as this legal procedure allows the birth mother to choose the adopting parents, besides maintaining the right to communicate with, and visit, her child.

Since states regulate the laws concerning adoption, there is no uniformity in what is required or considered for a couple, or even a single adult, to be deemed worthy or capable of adopting a child. Often, couples or individuals are confronted by laws and requirements that suddenly make adopting a child a complex procedure.

Any legal procedure, however, no matter how complex it may seem, will always be given light through the help of legal professionals who, in this particular case would be family law lawyers. But make sure that you choose your lawyer well, as you will feel, while meeting with different attorneys to see who can help you best, there will be those who will treat you professionally which, of course, is good; but there are also those who will exceed professional treatment, making you feel more welcome and showing more interest in your concerns. Because to some lawyers, who have really learned their trade well, people are no longer just clients, but persons who need someone to trust and who have the same needs and interests like them.

Usual Causes of Oilfield Injuries

Oilfield workers are exposed to many types of dangers every time they go the drilling site, where heavy machinery abound, catwalks become very slippery, chains and cables can cause entanglement, and fires and explosions are common sights. Oil fields are dangerous places to work, and, according to the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C.®, they are subject to certain safety requirements to reduce the amount of injuries workers sustain.

Records from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics show that between 2002 and 2007, about 598 workers had fatal accidents, while close to 20,000 sustained injuries. Some of the most common oilfield injuries workers may suffer from include burn injuries, explosion injuries, head injuries, spinal injuries due to slips or falls, and injuries due to trucking, helicopter and aircraft accidents (as some oil rigs are built in the middle of an ocean).

There are different factors that lead to an increase in the rate of death and injury in oilfield sites, including:

  • Uncontrolled drug and alcohol abuse.  Many oilfield workers have resorted to using methamphetamine, to enable them to work for 12 hours straight, usually for 14 consecutive days. As the effect of the drug wears off, one will definitely not be able to shrug off the fatigue and exhaustion from the job.
  • Failure to comply with safety rules. It is a fact that the oilfield business detests safety rules and regulations, spending millions of dollars in the effort to reduce or do away with safety requirements and restrictions.
  • Inexperienced workforce. As the price of a barrel of oil has soared from $10 during the 80’s, to around a $100 today, even those with no experience hurry to oilfields to land a job; and employers are just as eager in hiring them, leaving them to learn the trade through performance of the actual job.
  • Striking increase in drilling. In 2002, there were about 740 land-based gas and oil rigs in operation; today, the number has climbed to 2,000. Most of these rigs are in the state of Texas, the largest producer of natural gas and crude oil in the US. Texas is also where the most number of oilfield workers are based and where the highest number of accidents and injuries are recorded.

Massachusetts personal injury attorneys may be able to help people injured while working on an oil field. According to the website of the Sampson Law Firm in Louisville, companies who drill oil have an obligation to make reasonable accommodations to keep their workers safe from unnecessary harm and can be held accountable for a failure to do so. This is to prevent companies from exploiting their workforce or treating human lives as though they are expendable or easily replaced.

Botox Cosmetic: From Death-Causing to Beauty-Enhancing Substance

It seems that some people, celebrities especially, have found the secret to defy the aging process, as they are able to maintain their youthful appearance despite their age. That means no forehead furrows, crows feet, frown lines and skin bands on the neck. Well, the secret is actually not a hush-hush thing anymore, as more and more are not just getting to know about it, but applying it to themselves – Botulinum Toxin type A, which is more famous under the trade name Botox.

Botox comes from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, a very toxic substance that causes botulism which, in turn, is a life-threatening type of illness. Despite its toxicity, physicians were able to conceive of ways that put botulinum toxin to good use, such as for therapeutic purposes; they also discovered that it was capable of blocking neuromuscular transmission for decreased muscle activity.

It is this capability of the botulinum toxin, to decrease muscle activity or stop the muscles from contracting, which made it really popular to medical and cosmetic surgeons. For if the muscles in a particular body part will cease from moving or contracting, that same body part will also cease from wrinkling.

Thus, on April 12, 2002, the use of botulinum toxin type A, to treat frown lines or wrinkles, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Botox Cosmetic, which is in injectable form, is directly injected into the muscles of the targeted part of the head to treat the lines that have formed there. This targeted part may be the: neck, where platysmal muscle bands are visible; forehead, where the wrinkles are; corners of the eyes, to treat the crow’s feet or the squint lines; and, the eyebrows, where more lines have become visible.

The effects of Botox Cosmetic usually last between four to eight months, thus a patient/client will need to have it injected into him/her again after its effects wear off. Only a very small amount of the medicine needs to be used due to the danger it may lead to in the event of an overdose. Thus, it is highly important that only a licensed expert, a surgeon, more preferably, administer it.

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